Variation in Machinability of Single Crystal Materials in Micromechanical Machining

For practical application of micromechanical machining, four levels of process realization are required; fundamental understanding of process physics, development of microplanning (processing parameter optimization), macroplanning (tool path planning), and design optimization. This study surveyed the influence of localized variation in the microstructure on final process outcome and machinability of brittle optical material in a ductile regime. A clear correlation between burr height, critical depth of cut and crystallographic orientation was found on single crystal materials (copper and magnesium fluoride), giving insight into optimal orientations and process parameters for acceptable micromachining process outcome.